Terms of Use

By accessing this website and any other websites or applications associated with the Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) and any of their pages, you agree to be bound by the terms and conditions set out below.

Changes may be made at any time to the Terms and Conditions, without prior notice. It is your responsibility to review the Terms and Conditions each time you enter the website. Your continued use of the website shall constitute your acceptance to be bound by the Terms and Conditions and any changes thereto.


CCS guidelines are developed for heath care professionals; specialists, family physicians and allied health professionals, obliged with the duty of bestowing optimal care to patients and families.

Guidelines are developed following a thorough consideration of medical literature and the best available evidence and clinical experience. They represent the consensus of a Canadian panel comprised of multidisciplinary experts on a given topic with a mandate to formulate disease-specific recommendations.

Recommendations are aimed to provide a reasonable and practical approach to care for health professionals obliged with the duty of bestowing optimal care to patients and families, and can be subject to change as scientific knowledge and technology advance and as practice patterns evolve.

CCS guideline recommendations are not intended to be a substitute for physicians using their individual judgement in managing clinical care in consultation with the patient, with appropriate regard to all the individual circumstances of the patient, diagnostic and treatment options available and available resources. Adherence to these recommendations will not necessarily produce successful outcomes in every case.

Ownership, copyright and permitted use

All Content (as defined below) contained on the website is the property of CCS, its content suppliers or its licensors as the case may be, and is protected by Canadian and international copyright, trademark, and other applicable laws. “Content” includes any and all material, information in text, graphical, video and audio forms, images, reports, articles, publications, data, databases, charts, graphics, photographs, illustrations, maps, interfaces, web pages, text, files, software, product names, company names, trade-marks, logos and trade names contained on the website.

Certain names, words, titles, phrases, logos, icons, graphics or designs in the pages of the website may constitute trade names, registered or unregistered trademarks or service marks ("Trademarks") of CCS or of third parties that are used under licence. The display of Trademarks on the website does not imply the grant of any licence to any other party and, except with the express written consent of CCS, the use of any Trademarks is prohibited.

CCS hereby grants a personal, limited, revocable, non-transferable and non-exclusive license to access, read and download the Content located on the website for personal, non-commercial and not-for-profit use only. The website is made available for lawful, personal use only and not for commercial use.

You may print pages from the website for your personal, non-commercial use only, provided that you do not modify any of the Content and you do not remove or alter any visible or non-visible identification, marks, notices or disclaimers. Other than as specifically described herein, the website and its Content may not be copied, imitated, reproduced, republished, uploaded, posted, transmitted, modified, indexed, catalogued, merged with other data, mirrored or distributed in any way, in whole or in part, without the express written consent of CCS.

Linking policy

CCS website linking policy